Antidotes - 解毒剤 -


Grace :  I’m glad the paramedics were able to save the day of the patient just  in the nick of time.
Bella : They administered Naloxone as a nasal spray to reverse the effects of an opioid overdose.
Grace : It’s a good thing the patient’s 12-year-old son called 911 immediately when he noticed his father was having trouble breathing.
Bella : The emergency vehicle has kits containing vials and ampules of Naloxone and atomizers, collapsible tubes of Calcium gluconate, and vials of Deferoxamine to antagonize poison incidents.
Grace : Actually I had just replenished their supplies as they were runnning low of Naloxone.
Bella : Upon their arrival, the patient wasn't breathing, so they used an air mask to restore  air flow before administering the drug via the nose. 
Grace :  With these antidotes on our emergency vehicles, we are able to reverse the effects of almost any overdose in a matter of minutes.
Bella : Ambulances respond to all medical calls, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, so we need to ensure all antidotes are in stock.
Grace : That’s true.

Think about it

  1. What happened to the patient?
  2. What antidotes are readily available for emergency use by the paramedics?
  3. Which of the antidotes mentioned do you commonly dispense?


  Medical Terms Words/Phrases

antidote /  paramedic /  Naloxone / opioid / Calcium gluconate /  Deferoxamine / ampule / vial / collapsible tube / atomizer



reverse / replenish

 save the day /  

in the nick of time /  in a matter of 


第1問 : 配点1 Which medicine did the patient overdose?

第2問 : 配点1 Who called 911?
1:patient’s son
2: patient’s wife
3: patient’s daughter ,

第3問 : 配点1 Which medication did the kit in the emergency car run low of?
1:calcium gluconate,
3:naloxone ,

第4問 : 配点1 Why was the air mask used before administrating the drug via the nose?
1:to restore the blood flow
2: to protect patient’s nose
3:to protect patient’s face,

第5問 : 配点1 Why do the pharmacist feel that they need to ensure all antidotes are in stock?
1:Because antidotes are rare
2:Because ambulances are respond to all medical calls 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
3:Because everyone wants antidotes,